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Timberley Academy

Fundamental British Values and Cultural Capital in the EYFS

Fundamental British Values


There are four British Values that we promote: Rule of Law, Individual Liberty, Democracy, Mutual tolerance and respect. These four values all fit within the categories of Personal, Social and Emotional Development (PSE) and Understanding of the World (UtW).We focus on promoting the more general concepts within the Early Years Foundation Stage (EYFS) and understand that the children’s development within these areas is key to promoting the values in the long term.


Rule of Law (understanding rules): links to PSE - managing feelings and behaviour

  • Help children understand boundaries and acceptable behaviour
  • Help children think about keeping safe away from danger
  • Ensure that children understand their own and other’s behaviour and the consequences and learn to distinguish right from wrong
  • Collaborate with children to create the rules and the codes of behaviours e.g. the rules about tidying up and that children understand rules apply to everyone.


Individual Liberty (freedom for all): links to PSE - self confidence and self awareness, UtW - people and communities

  • Help children understand that they have the right to feel safe and not frightened
  • Help children to understand feelings and teach the language of feelings
  • Teach children to say ‘no’ if they don’t like/want to do something
  • Encourage a range of experiences that allow children to explore the language of feelings and responsibility, reflect on their differences and understand that we are free to have different opinions
  • Develop a positive sense of themselves. Provide opportunities for children to develop their self-knowledge, self-esteem, and increase their confidence in their own abilities


Democracy (making decisions together): links to PSE - self confidence and self awareness

  • Build children’s self-esteem, self-awareness and self confidence
  • Build children’s ability and willingness to say what they want/need and to speak up for themselves knowing they will be listened to
  •  Support the decisions that children make and provide opportunities that allow taking turns, sharing and collaboration
  • Respect each other’s views and values and talk about their feelings e.g. when they need/don’t need help


Mutal tolerance and respect (treat others as you want to be treated): links to PSE - making relationships, managing feelings and behaviour, UtW - people and communities

  • Help children deal with conflicts by talking, explaining their motives and negotiating e.g. help with sharing toys
  • Teach children to treat others as they would want to be treated themselves
  • Share stories that reflect and value the diversity of children’s experiences and providing resources, activities and trips that challenge gender, cultural and racial stereotyping
  • Teach the children about cultural events and festivals



Cultural capital


We believe that Cultural Capital is about giving children the best possible start in life and their early education. We know that some children arrive to us with different experiences from others, in their learning and play. We aim to tap into children’s interests in order to build on their knowledge and skills, and introduce them to new experiences. This may include; finding books on a child’s favourite topic, creating role-play activities that further their interest in a particular idea, taking trips in the local area, or organising visits from community figures such as the police. It is up to us and in partnership with parents that children experience the awe and wonder of the world in which they live, through the seven areas of learning.

Superbia Perseverantia et Passionem Pride, Perseverance and Passion